Het Pad van de Noachied

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Wat zijn Noachieden (B'nei Noach)?


Noachieden zijn mensen die zich herkennen in het (orthodox) Judaisme.

Noachieden kiezen voor een levensstijl die in overeenstemming is met de Torah, en voor zover van toepassing op niet-Joodse mensen. 

Het is geen nieuwe religie, maar een  levenswijze die gekenmerkt wordt door het volgen van de zeven Noachidische voorschriften (Sheva Mitzvot B'nei Noach). Het zijn eigenlijk zeven categorieën, die onderaan deze pagina uitgelegd worden.

Noachied zijn: een pelgrimsreis met onverwachte wendingen en vergezichten. Een passie voor recht en gerechtigheid. Een passie voor het zoeken van de Eeuwige. Zowel op het vlak van persoonlijke ontwikkeling als op  gebieden van ethiek, gezondheidszorg en politiek komt dat tot uitdrukking in het vergroten van de awareness van het  respect voor de aarde en de bewoners (mensen en dieren). De  rechten en plichten van ieder mens durven benoemen en naleven. Bescherming van het leven gedurende de hele levensloop van de mens. 


Wat doet Dutch Noahide Community?

1.Dutch Noahide Community is een zelfstandige en particuliere organisatie die op educatief vlak nauw samenwerkt met de Noahide Academy in Jerusalem. Aan de academie zijn orthodoxe rabbi's verbonden die met grote inzet en enthousiasme lezingen en cursussen geven. Zij hebben  expertise op het gebied van de zeven Noachidische wetten en het bevorderen van een universele en morele gedragscode.

2. Dutch Noahide Community organiseert landelijke bijeenkomsten en ondersteunt plaatselijke huisgroepen.  

3. Dutch Noahide Community geeft informatie over Noachidische  filosofie en spiritualiteit.


The Torah is a Tree of Life for those who hold fast to it...

Rabbie Menachem Mendel Schneerson over het goede en het kwade in de mens: 

"Hence, everything that occurs in the world, even the apparent bad, such as natural disasters, must ultimately have redeeming good. Similarly, the negative inclination within human beings, who essentially desire to do good, is but a “mechanism” by G-d’s design to establish free choice. For had G-d created a world that is totally and exclusively good, without any efforts on the part of mankind to achieve it, there would be no or little appreciation of goodness. In light of this, it is important to realize that in the individual’s struggle with evil, within the world at large or within one’s self, the approach should not be one of confrontation. Rather, by emphasizing that which is good in people and in the world, and by bringing the positive to the fore, the evil is superseded by the good, until it eventually disappears."

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Aanbevolen websites:


AskNoah.org

www.noachieden-online.nl

www.noachieden.nl

Noahide Academy of Jerusalem


Dr. Michael Schulman about the seven commandments.

God gave the first six commandments to Adam and Hava (Eve), the first human beings.

These commandments were repeated to Noah, and a seventh commandment was added, when, after the Flood, God established the Covenant of the Rainbow with Noah and all of the world’s creatures. This covenant is not dependent on mankind’s observance of these Seven Laws of Noah. Rather, the Noahide Code established the context and the eventual goal for a renewed world in which this covenant could be the open and enduring expression of God’s love for His creation. It was God’s promise to all living creatures that He would never again obliterate all land-life from the world, as stated in  Genesis 9:11 – “never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth.” The Covenant of the Rainbow has an inner meaning as well: it was God’s promise that He would always accept a person’s sincere personal repentance if it was directed to Him. From that point on, God endowed mankind with the ability to seek and gain His forgiveness, and with this He insured that a person’s freedom to choose good includes the strength to prevail over animalistic and self-centered desires.

Still, the Seven Commandments received by Noah could have been challenged at a later time by any charismatic misleader who also claimed to be a prophet, and how would a person know which course to follow? This points to the singular importance of the revelation at Mount Sinai to the Jewish people, 50 days after God brought them out from slavery in Egypt. At Mount Sinai, the Creator revealed Himself to a nation of at least three million of people, making them all witnesses to testify to their future children and the world, so that no person in any generation could arise to seriously refute the prophecy and instruction which Moses received, which is called the Torah. Included in the Torah was the Noahide Code, to be preserved for the generations of mankind.

The entire Book of Genesis, and the Book of Exodus up to and including the arrival of the Israelites at Mount Sinai, were dictated by God to Moses when they arrived there. There was then a first covenant made between God and the Israelites on that first part of the Written Torah, which included their acceptance of the Noahide Code. Thus, the Divine moral code of Seven (Universal) Commandments was renewed, after it had become neglected by the rest of the nations. That was four days before the Ten (Jewish) Commandments were spoken openly by God to all of the Israelites, at which point they became the Jewish people.

At Mount Sinai, God taught the essentials of the Torah’s precepts through Moses, and this is called the Oral Torah. Included in this are the details of God’s directive for all Gentiles to observe their Seven Noahide Commandments. These details, as God specified them to Moses, are the true foundation of the Universal Noahide Code. A righteous Gentile merits to receive a place in the eternal future World to Come, in the Messianic Era, through observance of these commandments. That is a Gentile’s part in the Torah of Moses, which is God’s “Tree of Life” (Proverbs 3:18). It all begins with recognizing the perfect Unity of the Creator.

By Rabbi Dr. Michael Schulman (original text posted on and copyright © by Asknoah.org)


Dr Schulman over de zeven noachidische voorschriften.

De eerste zes voorschriften heeft G’d aan de eerste twee mensen op aarde gegeven: Adam en Eva.

Noach kreeg een extra voorschrift (het zevende) toen G’d met hem een nieuw verbond sloot.

Het wordt het Verbond van de Regenboog genoemd en het geld voor ieder mens.

Dit verbond is niet afhankelijk van de mate waarin het wordt opgevolgd door de mensheid, maar het is een open en doorlopende expressie van G’ds liefde voor Zijn schepping. G’d zal door dit verbond  nooit meer de aarde bedekken met een watervloed om de zonden te verwijderen. 

De innerlijke  betekenis van dit verbond is dat het G’ds belofte duidelijk maakt dat Hij de mens die berouw toont en Hem om vergeving vraagt altijd zal accepteren. wordt vervolgd

The origin of te seven commandments by Dr Michael Schulman.

Five of the Noahide Commandments are explicitly found in different verses in the Book of Genesis, and one is found in Leviticus. The remaining one (and in fact all them) can be inferred from a single verse in Genesis.

  1. To Believe in God - Do Not Worship a False Deity
    Genesis 2:16 states: “And Lord God commanded to the man, saying…” This Divine command to Adam implies that only the One True God, the Creator of the spiritual and physical realms, should be obeyed and honored as the Deity, and the greatest honor is to serve and worship Him. Thus, one should serve and worship only the One True God, and not any idol. [1]
  2. To Honor God - Do Not Commit Blasphemy
    Leviticus 24:10-17 relates the incident of a Jew who violated the injunction of Exodus 22:27 and blasphemed in anger. Moreover, it states in Leviticus 24:15, “ish ish” (any man) who curses his God shall bear his sin.” Why the double expression of “ish ish” (literally: “a man, a man”)? To include all mankind, Jews and Gentiles. This demonstrates that blasphemy thus is prohibited to Gentiles even as it is for Jews. [2]
  3. To Respect Life - Do Not Commit Murder or Injury
    The edict against murder, and the punishment for this transgression, is stated in Genesis 9:6: “Whoever sheds the blood of man, among man, his blood shall be shed; for in the image of God He made man.”
  4. To Respect Family Unity - Do Not Have Forbidden Sexual Relations
    Five of the six types of relations that are forbidden by God to Gentiles are covered in Genesis 2:24: “Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and cling to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.” This verse explicitly forbids relations with one’s mother, with a woman who has ever been his father’s domestic partner or certified wife, with a woman who is currently a domestic partner or certified wife of another man, with another male, or with an animal. A Gentile is also forbidden to have relations with his maternal sister, which is learned from Gen. 20:13: “Moreover, she is indeed my sister, my father’s daughter, though not my mother’s daughter; and she became my wife.” (Note that Abraham said this to appease Abimelech. It was actually only figuratively true in his case, since Sarah was the daughter of Abraham’s brother. So they had the same paternal grandfather, who people often referred to as “father.”)

It also was universally accepted that father-daughter relations would be included, as evidenced by the disgrace of Lot after he had relations with his two daughters, following God’s destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen. 19:29-36, and Rashi’s explanation of Gen. 20:1). Relations of a female with a female are likewise an abomination to God which is included as one of the subjects of the verse Lev. 18:3, which speaks against the immoral practices of the ancient Egyptians and Canaanites, and which Lev.18:30 refers to as “abominable traditions.” About these, the Midrash (Sifra) specifies: “A man would marry a man, a woman would marry a woman, and a woman would be married to two men.”

  1. To Respect Others Property - Do Not Commit Theft
    The prohibition of theft is contained within the permission which God granted to Adam and Hava (Eve) in Genesis 2:16 to eat from the trees of the garden. This implies that if the permission had not been granted, they would have been forbidden to do so, because the property did not belong to them. This applied specifically to the fruit of the Tree of “Knowledge of Good and Evil” which was forbidden for them to take, under penalty of death (Genesis 2:17). This Noahide commandment was cited explicitly by Abraham in Genesis 21:25.
  2. To Respect Nature - Don’t Eat Meat that was Taken from a Live Animal
    Adam and Hava (Eve) were not given permission to kill animals for food, and this remained in effect until after the Flood. God permitted the eating of meat for the first time to Noah and his family after they left the Ark, which is why God at that time added the seventh commandment, which prohibits the eating of meat that was severed from a living animal (even if it was stunned and insensitive). This commandment given to Noah is recorded in Genesis 9:4: “But meat, with its soul [which is in] its blood you shall not eat.”
  3. To Establish Laws and Courts of Justice
    God commanded Noah regarding the trial and punishment of a murderer, as it says in Genesis 9:6, “Whoever sheds the blood of man, among man, his blood shall be shed…” This refers to a Noahide commandment to judge and penalize a murderer.This is explained as follows by the Talmudic Sages: “Whoever sheds the blood of man” (referring to the murderer), “among man” (i.e., he is to be prosecuted in a court by a man who is qualified to testify as a witness), “his blood shall be shed” (if convicted, he is liable to capital punishment by the court). The Noahide Code specifies that Gentile societies are obligated to abide by justice through establishing a system of righteous courts of law.

Timeline of God’s re-affirming the Noahide Commandments at Mount Sinai, where He commanded them with specific details as part of the eternal Torah of Moses:

As God decided for reasons known to Him, some of the verses in the Torah that refer to these events are not placed in chronological order. Here they are presented according to the order of what took place:

1st day / Ex. 19:1-2. The Israelite nation encamped at Mount Sinai, on the 45th day after God led them out in their exodus from slavery in Egypt.

2nd day / Ex. 19:3-8. Moses ascended to the top of Mt. Sinai to receive instructions from God, and then he descended. The Israelites agreed that they would obediently enter into the Jewish covenant, when they said, “Everything that God has spoken we shall do!”

3rd day / Ex. 19:8 (starting from “Moses brought back the words of the people to God”) to Ex. 19:9 (up to … “and they will believe in you [Moses], also forever”). Moses then ascended Mt. Sinai again, reported to God, received His next instructions, and then descended.

4th day / Ex. 19:9 (starting from “Moses told the words of the people to God”) to Ex. 19:14, and then the continuation skips to Ex. 24:1-4 (through “Moses wrote all the words of God”). Moses ascended Mt. Sinai again to receive instructions from God, and descended to tell the people all the Divine laws that had been commanded up until that time.

Note that the recounting and recording of the Seven Noahide Commandments by Moses took place at Mount Sinai on this day, two days before God spoke openly to the entire Jewish nation. In Ex. 24:3, it says “Moses came and told the people all the words of Go-d and all the laws…” Here, “all the laws” refers to the Seven Noahide Commandments and a few of the Jewish Commandments, all of which the Israelites had already been commanded before they arrived at Mt. Sinai. (Moses told these commandments to the Israelites at Marah, after they crossed through the sea – see Exodus 15:25.)

In Ex. 24:4, “Moses wrote all the words of God” means that at that time, he wrote down the Book of Genesis – that contains the verses which inform us of the earlier Covenant of the Rainbow and the Noahide Commandments – and the Book of Exodus up to that point. Thus, God commanded upon the Jewish people that based upon the revelation at Mount Sinai, they would have the responsibility for preserving and publicizing the Noahide Commandments and all their details, which are for all the nations of the world for all generations.

5th day / Ex. 24:4 (from “He [Moses] arose early in the morning…”) to Ex. 24:11. This is the day that Moses built an alter, and read to the people the “Book of the Covenant” (the Book of Genesis, including the Seven Noahide Commandments, and part of Exodus up to that point).

6th day / Ex. 19:16-20:18, and Ex. 24:12-15. God openly spoke 10 of the 613 Jewish Commandments to the people, and Moses then ascended Mount Sinai, to learn more of the Jewish Commandments from God for 40 days and 40 nights. (Many of these Jewish commandments are recorded in Ex. 20:19 to Ex. 23:22.)

Footnotes:

[1] The Oral Torah (Tractate Sanhedrin, ch. 7) explains how all of these 7 Noahide Commandments are encoded within the Hebrew text of the verse Genesis 2:16: “And Lord God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat.’ ”

[2] Tractate Sanhedrin, p. 56a).

By Rabbi Dr. Michael Schulman (original text posted on and copyright © by Asknoah.org)


"Know this day and take to your heart....."

“Know this day and take unto your heart that Havaya is Elokim (God is the Lord) in the heavens above and upon the earth below; there is no other” [Deut. 4:39].

This requires explanation:

For would it occur to you that there is a god dwelling in the waters beneath the earth, so that it is necessary to negate it so strongly as to say, “Take unto your heart?”

It is written, “Forever, Oh God, Your Word stands firm in the heavens” [Ps. 119:89].

The Baal Shem Tov of blessed memory, has explained that “Your word” which You uttered, “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters…,” [Gen. 1:6] these very words and letters stand firmly forever within the firmament of heaven and are forever clothed within all the heavens to give them life, as it is written,”The word of our God shall stand firm forever” [Isa. 40.8] …

For if the letters were to depart even for an instant, God forbid, and return to their source, all the heavens would become naught and absolute nothingness, and it would be as though they had never existed at all, exactly as before the utterance “Let there be a firmament.”  And so it is with all created things in all the upper and lower worlds, and even this physical earth which is the “Kingdom of the silent” (inanimate).

If the letters of the Ten Utterances  by which the earth was created during the Six Days Of Creation were to depart from it but for an instant, God forbid, it would revert to naught and nothingness exactly as before the Six Days of Creation. This thought was expressed by the AriZal (Rabbi Yitzchak Luria Ashkenazi, 1514-1572) of blessed memory, when he said that even in completely inanimate matter, such as stones or earth or water, there is a soul and spiritual life-force – that is, the enclothing of the “Letters of speech” of the Ten Utterances which give life and existence to inanimate matter that it might arise out of the naught and nothingness which preceded the Six Days of Creation.

Indeed, this is an even greater miracle than, for example, the splitting of the Red Sea.  For then, God drove back the sea by a strong east wind all the night and the waters were divided and stood upright as a wall. [Ex. 14:21-22]  If God had stopped the wind, the waters would have instantly flowed downward, as is their way and nature, and undoubtedly they would not have stood upright as a wall… how much more so is it in the creation of being out of nothing which transcends nature and is far more miraculous than the splitting of the Red Sea, that with the withdrawal of the power of the Creator from the thing created, God forbid, it would revert to naught and complete non-existence.  Rather, the Activating Force of the Creator must continuously be in the thing created to give it life and existence.  These forces are the “letters of speech” of the Ten Utterances by which [beings] were created…

Now … every intelligent person will understand clearly that each creature and being is actually considered naught and absolute nothingness in relation to the Activating Force and “Breath of His mouth” (Ps. 33:6) which is in the created thing, continually calling it into existence and bringing it from absolute non-being into being… that alone continuously brings it forth…  Hence, there is truly nothing besides Him.

An illustration of this is the light of the sun which illuminates the earth…Now, it is self-evident that this light is also present in the very body and matter of the sun-globe itself…  However, there in its own place, this radiance is considered naught and complete nothingness, for it is absolutely non-existent in relation to the body of the sun-globe which is the source of this light and radiance, inasmuch as this radiance and light is merely the illumination which shines from the body of the sun-globe itself.  It is only in the space of the universe, under the heavens and on the earth, where the body of the sun-globe is not present, that this light appears to the eye to have actual existence. And here the term “existence” can truly be applied to it, whereas when it is in its source, in the body of the sun, the term “existence” cannot be applied to it at all…

The exact parallel to this illustration is the relationship between all created things and the Divine flow (of the life force) from the “Breath of His mouth,” which flows upon them and brings them into existence.  God is their source, and they themselves are merely like a diffusing light and effulgence from the flow and spirit of God, which issues forth and becomes clothed in them and brings them from naught into being…The term “existence” can be applied to all created things only [as they appear] to our corporeal eyes, for we do not see nor comprehend at all the source, which is the spirit of God, that brings them into existence… But the illustration is apparently not completely identical with the object of comparison. For in the illustration, the source (the sun) is not present at all in the space of the universe and upon the face of the earth where its light is seen as actually existing.  Whereas, all created things are always within their source, and it is only that the source is not visible to our physical eyes.

If so, why are they not nullified in their source?

It is written, “For a sun and a shield is Havaya Elokim.” (Ps. 84:12)  The explanation of this verse:  “Shield” is a covering for the sun, to protect the creatures so that they should be able to bear [its heat].  As our Sages of blessed memory said, “In Time to Come (the Messianic Era), the Holy One blessed be He, will take out the sun from it sheath, the wicked shall be punished by it…” [Talmud, Nedarim 8b]. Now, just as the covering shields [i.e. conceals] the sun, so does the name Elokim shield [i.e. conceal] the name Havaya, blessed be He.

The meaning of the name Havaya is “That which brings everything in to existence from nothing,” … indicating that the action is present and continuous.  For the fact that they were created during the Six Days of Creation is not sufficient for their continued existence, as explained above.  In the enumeration of the praises of the Holy One, blessed be He, it is written, “the Great, the Mighty” (Deut.10:17), etc.

“The Great” refers to the attribute of Kindness and the spreading force of the life-force into all the worlds and created things without end or limit so that they shall be created from nothing and exist through Gratuitous Kindness.  And the attribute of Kindness is called Greatness for it comes from the greatness of the Holy One, blessed be He, in his Glory and Essence, for “G-d is great and His greatness is unsearchable” (Ps. 145:3), and therefore, He also causes life-force and existence from nothing to issue forth for an unlimited number of worlds and creatures, for “It is the nature of the beneficient to do good.”…

And just as it is impossible for any creature’s mind to apprehend His attribute of Geatness, which is the ability to create a being out of nothing and give it life, as it is written, “The world is built by kindness” (Ps. 89:3), exactly so it is not possible for him to apprehend the Divine attribute of Might (Restraint), which is the quality of Tzimtzum (contraction) and restraint of the spreading forth of the life-force … in a revealed way, but rather with His Countenance concealed.  For the life-force conceals itself in the body of the created being and it appears as though the body… has independent existence… The concealing of the life-force is called “Vessels” and the life-force itself is called “Light.” [The “Vessels” and “Light” in combination are the revealed ten Divine Attributes (Kindness, Might/Judgement, Mercy/Beauty, etc.)]

Concerning this the Sages of blessed memory said, “Originally it arose in God’s thought to create the world with the attribute of stern judgement (i.e., complete concealment); He saw, however, that the world could not endure, so He combined with it the attribute of mercy,” that is, the revelation of G-dliness through the Righteous (such as Noah, Abraham, Moses, etc.) and the signs and miracles recorded in the Torah.” … Before the Messianic Era, it is only the Righteous in the heavenly Paradise who are granted the reward of comprehending the spreading forth of the life-force and light which issues from these two Divine Attributes, Kindness and Might.

Selections from The Gate of Oneness and Faith, by Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi (1745-1812),  pub. Kehot Publication Society, Brooklyn, NY.

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